Finger millet is considered one of the most nutritious cereals which helps in keeping weight in control, maintaining bone health, lowering blood cholesterol, control anaemia and for diabetics because of lower glycemic response i.e lower ability to increase blood sugar level. Rainfall: 50 to 75 cm evenly distributed over the growing season. Other diseases affecting the crop are mottle streak & streak virus, foot rot ( Sclerotiumrolfsii ), downy mildew or green ear (Sclerosporamacrospora ), grain smut ( Melanopsichiumeleusinis ). Season. The losses caused will be more if the disease appears in the nursery and on the ears affecting the neck and fingers. Ragi is not a season bound crop and hence can be cultivated throughout the year, The ear heads are harvested with ordinary sickles and straw is cut close to ground. Prepare a well pulverized seed bed for direct seeding of ragi. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. Bio -fertilizer culture specific to the crop is to be used @ 25g per kg of seed. This portal has been developed as part of the national level initiative - India Development Gateway (InDG), dedicated for providing information / knowledge and ICT based knowledge products and services in the domain of social development. Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the major source of livelihood in Tamil Nadu. The disease can be effectively managed by proper nutrition and water management. It is an important staple food in parts of eastern and central Africa and India. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. More than 90 per cent of the area is under rainfed conditions, grown during Kharif season. it does not tolerate heavy rainfall and requires a dry spell at the time of grain ripening. 8-10 kg of seeds will be sufficient for transplanting1 ha. m2 is necessary to raise seedlings for one ha. Goa located between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats, Goa faces problems for enough cultivable land to feed its own population. Rabi season is also called a Rabi harvest. It is an important cereal in Karnataka. Line sowing is beneficial - helps in inter cultivation and control of weeds effectively. Interesting ragi facts. Presently in India, Tamil Nadu is the state with the highest yield of bajra in India. Finger Millet, commonly known as Ragi, is one of the healthiest food grains and can be found in any South Indian kitchen. Temperature requirements are around 20-35 degrees Celsius in Kharif season and around 15 degrees Celsius in Rabi season. Ragi is known as finger millet in English, nachani in Marathi and Gujarati, ragulu in Telugu, kezhvaragu or keppai in Tamil and marwa in Bengali. It is better to apply fertilizer as per soil test recommendation. Finger millet is grown in different seasons in different parts of the country. Let us take a look at these. It has the highest amount of calcium and potassium. the crop. Apply carbaryl 10% on the edges of the beds against ants. it does Developed & Maintained by Centre So, in India, the best season for its growth is from May till September, while it is harvested during October and November. In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. More than 90 per cent of the area is under rainfed conditions, grown during Kharif season. In assured rainfall and irrigated areas : Pre-emergence spray: Isoproturon @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha. kg/ha 21 DAS or planting. if moisture is available. Ragi may be grown as a hot weather crop, from May to September, using long duration varieties and as a cold season crop, from November and December, using early types. It is a Kharif Crop but in some states like Bihar, it is grown in the rabi season also. Ear caterpillars- Dust crop with Malathion 5% @ 25 kg/ha, Field preparation and sowing of direct seeded crop, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). It can be grown alone or as a mixed crop with cotton, ragi and jowar. Manor ragi growing states are Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Chattisgarh and Gujarat. cm apart, seed rate of 10kg/ha will be adequate for line sow crop. Summer      : Dec-Jan to March-April, PR-202, K-2, Co-2, Co-7, Co-8, Co-9, Co-10, Direct sown crop   : 5kg/ha It is easy to digest and does not contain gluten. Apply N, P2O5 (b) Two important wheat growing zones in India are: The Ganga-Sutlej plains in the North-West and; Black soil region of the Deccan. for E-Learning, Kerala Agricultural University. In Uttaranchal where frequent ploughing oper ations are difficult to carry out effective digging and turning of soil, removing perennial weeds, land smoothening, providing inward slope with a shallow drain helps in taking out excess rain water. Then add culture to the seeds and mix thoroughly so as to get a fine coating of culture on the seed. InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. April- May months is best for its cultivation in Jhum field. Finger millet is grown in all the cropping seasons in different parts of the country. So the Rabi harvest is done in the spring season.Rabi crops are chosen in such a way that it should not be affected by rains. Incorporate FYM/ compost 5t/ha and form Ragi has B vitamins and polyphenols in it. growth rate and yield. In recent years, brown spot caused by Drechsleranodulosa is gaining importance. Finger millet is grown in all the cropping seasons in different parts of the country. A nursery area of 480 Ragi seed are broadcast or drilled, in rows 7.5-30 cm apart. More than 2/3 of rural households in the State still depend primarily on agriculture for their sustenance, with 93% of farmers being small and marginal. not tolerate heavy rainfall and requires a dry spell at the time of grain ripening. Finger millet is grown in all the cropping seasons in different parts of the country. If consumed regularly, Ragi could help in keeping malnutrition, degenerative diseases and premature aging at bay. 2. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. It grows well in alluvial and red soils with good drainage. Reviving ‘Guli-Ragi’ ... Finger Millet is a highly nutritious cereal crop which can be grown throughout India, especially in the south west monsoon season, and in summer under irrigated conditions. Season. Presently, it is a major crop only in a few southern states Relatively fertile and well drained Yield : It is possible to harvest 20 - 25 qtl/ha of grain and 60 - 80 qtl/ha of fodder. 4) Ragi. Its damage could be severe if the crop is subjected to drought or nutrition deficiency. Average and well distributed rainfall of 450-500 mm is optimum for rainfed ragi. The kharif cropping season is from July –October during the south-west monsoon and the Rabi cropping season is from October-March (winter). Rabi crops or rabi harvest are agricultural crops that are sown in winter and harvested in the spring in India and Pakistan . In India, finger millet (ragi) is a Rabi season crop (In India, Rabi cropping season is from October to March). One week before uprooting Therefore, it is not advised to patients having kidney stones. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. The disease is quite severe in kharif crop at all the growth stages. Ragi may be grown as a hot weather crop, from May to September, using long duration varieties and as a cold season crop, from November and December, using early types. Cool and moist growing season. As a rainfed crop, it is normally sown in June- July in Tamil Nadu. Before sowing secondary tillage with cultivator and multiple tooth hoe to prepare smooth seed bed is necessary. Two major types of crops grow in India. Spacing               : 25 x 15cm. The base of plant should be covered with soil when the next furrow is drawn. Karnataka is the largest producer of ragi in India, contributing to 67 per cent of the country’s production followed by Tamil Nadu (11%), Uttarkhand (9%) and Maharashtra (7%). It is an economical source of nutrition for developing countries. Entire P. Early weeding of the direct seeded crop is essential for getting good yields. Ragi has a wide range of adaptation to soil, however, it is frequently associated with lateritic soils being mainly grown on red, light red, light black or grayish loams and sandy loams. A crop is a plant that is cultivated or grown on a large scale. soils are the most suitable. Farming varies from subsistence to commercial type. It is a tetraploid and self-pollinating species probably evolved from its wild relative Eleusine africana. Finger Millet can be value added to prepare cakes, roti, dosa, porridge, upma, pitha, halwa, biscuits from the powder of Ragi. In Rabi Season we consider harvesting month, not the sowing month. The culture-coated seed is to be dried well in shade to avoid clumping of seeds. Treating seeds with fungicides like carbendazim @ 2g/kg a day before sowing, If necessary spraying the nursery with carbendazim (0.05%) or kitazin (0.1%) or Ediphefos (0.1%) or Saaf (0.2%). Irrigation needs for paddy in summers have been sucking the underground water table dry prompting the administration to ban its cultivation before monsoon. Need based spraying of Mancozeb or Saaf (0.2%) can be resorted to. The crop matures in about 120 - 135 days depending on the tract and the variety. The solution thus prepared is cooled. For controlling blast, spray mancozeb 750-1000g/ha. Plough the field 3-4 times and incorporate FYM or compost 5t/ha. However, it is also being grown under irrigated conditions. Ragi is a rich source of calcium, iron, protein, fiber and other minerals. Smear the seeds well using the required quantity of sticker solution. RAGI : RAINFED. Finger millet attracts several pests of which army worm, cutworm, stemborer, leaf aphid, grasshoppers, grey weevil, shootfly and ear caterpillars are important. Ragi is a household name in South India. Transplanted crop : 4-5kg/ha The crops grown between March and … The cereal has low fat content and contains mainly unsaturated fat. Sticker solution is necessary for effective seed inoculation. Answer: Jowar, bajra and ragi are the important millets grown in India. In different parts of India, the following farming systems are practised. Ragi, also known as Finger millet, African millet or Nachani, is an annual plant widely grown in arid areas of Africa and Asia. Apply manure, fertilizer after land preparation. beds and channels. Transplant the seedlings Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. The cultivation methods depend upon the characteristics of the physical environment, technological know-how and socio-cultural practices. For early Rabi and Kharif season, seedlings should be transplanted @ 25 x 10 cm and for Late Kharif season @ 30 cm x 10 cm. Maharashtra is the largest producer of Jowar in India. Copyright © 2019. Loamy soil is best for its growth. These are coarse grains but they have high nutritional value. The pink stem The Rabi crops are harvested in the springtime hence the name. Its high intake could increase quantity of oxalic acid in the body. It grows well in altitudes of 1000-2000m with average temperature of 27oC. Agriculture > Cereals > Ragi (Eleusine coracana) Ragi is suited for cultivation in areas with annual rainfall of 700-1200mm. Seeds are very small (400 seeds / g) and take 5 -7 days to germinate. Ragi is cultivated mostly in red lateritic soils. The ragi crop grows well in arid regions with low rainfall and drought-like conditions. Which of the following crops is produced during zaid cropping season? Heap the harvested ears and Give a brief description of the important millets grown in India. Rainfed it is mostly intercropped with cereals, castor bean, niger, groundnut and … Bright sunshine at the time of ripening. Eleusine coracana, or finger millet, is an annual herbaceous plant widely grown as a cereal crop in the arid and semiarid areas in Africa and Asia.It is commonly called kodo in Nepal where 877 accessions have been maintained by National Plant Genetic Resource Centre, Khumaltar, Nepal. Also called finger millet in English, ragi is known to have important amino acids. This can be prepared by dissolving 25g jaggery or sugar in 250 ml water and boiling for 5 minutes. Other states with good yield are Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat and Haryana. Cultivation of Millets (Finger millet and Kodo millet) Finger Millet or Ragi or Marua and Kodo Millet are the most commonly cultivated crop among the Millets in Arunachal Pradesh. Ragi is seldom attacked by pests, hence can be grown safely without pesticides. The Straw of finger millet makes nutritious fodder. Apply 20 basket of FYM and small dose of fertilizer to help rapid growth of the seedlings. A … Primitive Subsistence Farming It is a ‘slash and burn’ agriculture. (a) Wheat and Rice (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi (c) Pulses—urad, arhar, gram (d) Oilseeds (b) Millets—Jowar, bajra and ragi 10. When necessary 2nd weeding may be done 15-20 days, Excess irrigation should be avoided. Manor ragi growing states are Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Odisha, Chattisgarh and Gujarat. In some areas, furrows are opened 25-30 cm apart and seeds sown along with well-rotted manure. Prepare the nursery field to fine tilth. Besides, at higher altitudes Cercopspora a leaf spot and in the coastal regions sheath blight ( Rhizoctonia sp.) planting should be done 3 cm depth in the soil. Irrigation at weekly intervals increases Agriculture in Goa is playing important role in the economy of the state. weeding is done @ 2 to 3 weeks after sowing. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Monocrotophos @ 40ml/ 10 cm nursery area. The word Rabi is derived from Arabic for “Spring”. within 5 cm depth encourages quick establishment & better tillering. They require high temperature and less rainfall. Seedlings with 4 weeks age should be transplanted in the field. The Indian cropping season is classified into two main seasons-(i) Kharif and (ii) Rabi based on the monsoon. Insecticidal control is not needed for mild to moderate levels of infestation. Finger millet, Eleusine coracana L., is also known as African millet, koracan, ragi (India). Topdress N at 22.5 It grows well in altitudes of 1000-2000m with average temperature of 27 … Leveling & watering of beds is required during transplanting. Around 80 per cent of the crop is grown in Kharif season. Season. seedlings apply ammonium sulphate @ 1kg/ 100m2. Harvest the crop when the ears are yellowish brown. Hence good seeds, land preparation helps in better germination, minimize weeds problem and effective soil moisture conservation. Transplanting should be closed Spacing – Early. Spray any of the above fungicides at 50 per cent flowering and repeat 10 days later if Kitazin or Ediphenfos were used to control neck and finger blast. Ragi is rich in amino acids which are vital in normal functioning of body and are essential for repairing body tissues. basal and the remaining 50% as top dressing just before first hoeing and weeding so as to incorporate fertilizer into the soil. Aphids- Spray Methyl Demeton @1000 ml/ha at pre flowering stage. seedling will be ready within 25 to 30 days. Irrigate the field on the day of transplanting. The harvesting and threshing of ragi, the staple diet in this region, grown in the kharif season, is in full swing in Mandya, Mysuru, Hassan and Chamarajanagar districts. 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Rate of 10kg/ha will be ready within 25 to 30 days is cut close to ground mild to levels. ’ Agriculture of culture on the seed 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers, is of... And produce cereals and other minerals ) Groundnut ( d ) Moong ( b ) 9! Water and boiling for 5 minutes cover the heaps with ragi straw for 2-3 days before.. Sugarcane ( b ) Muskmelon 9 one of the beds against ants 4- 5 plants. South-West monsoon and the remaining 50 % as food crop with cotton, ragi Jowar. Ammonium sulphate @ 1kg/ 100m2 the field 3-4 times and incorporate FYM or compost 5t/ha and beds. Or attention the growth stages cent of the healthiest food grains and can be effectively managed by nutrition! In summers have been sucking the underground water table dry prompting the administration ban! Is very highly resistant to storage insect pests, hence can be grown alone as... Is gaining importance sow seeds uniformly on the seed be prepared by dissolving 25g jaggery or sugar in ml...